The periodontal disease is an infectious condition caused by the oral bacteria and which affects the gums and the teeth supporting tissues.
The periodontal disease
The Gum inflammation and the periodontal disease are common affections of the teeth, along with tooth decay. Periodontal conditions are equally dangerous, and not treating them can lead to tooth loss on a long term.The most common surgical interventions are dental extractions, performed under local anaesthesia, presenting no pain. The periodontal disease is a condition of infectious nature caused by oral bacteria, affecting the gums and the tooth supporting tissues, evolving in three stages: gingivitis, superficial and deep periodontitis.
Among the factors favouring periodontal disease we include: the hygiene issues, tobacco, diabetes, untreated cavities, puberty, pregnancy, psycho-emotional stress.
The inflammation of the gums – gingivitis- represents a reaction of the body confronting the aggression of the bacterial plaque which forms in the oral cavity. The first sign of gingivitis is bleeding caused by brushing or chewing food, accompanied by a modified gum colour (from red to violet) and bad breath. Left untreated, it may progress to an irreversible condition: periodontal disease. This condition is accompanied by gum recession, teeth roots with variable visibility and ultimately teeth mobility, creating a space between the gums and teeth and can cause the loss of the teeth from the arcade.
The progression of this disease can be prevented by a proper cleaning of the oral cavity, but also by following your dentist’s recommendations for dental care.
Paradontosis, also named chronic periodontitis, is an affection of the ligaments supporting the tooth in the dental alveoli (alveolar bone) and of the gum. The main cause of periodontal disease is the poor oral hygiene (namely, the bacterial plaque formed due to missing the scaling and regular cleaning performed by the dentist). Firstly, the marginal periodontium swells, the first signal showing the signs of paradontosis is the gingivitis, which may be treated and cured through a treatment achieved by the dentist and by an impeccable oral hygiene.
In the situation the gingivitis (gums swelling) is not discovered in due time, this may trigger the paradontosis (leading to the loss of the teeth from the dental arcade). Its progress may be stopped only by performing a continuous treatment.
red gums, bleeding during the brushing process and during the mastication, bearable pain while brushing, itchy gums, slight discomfort related to mastication. It is compulsory to go to a stomatology clinic when reporting any of these symptoms.
Prevention and Treatment
Paradontosis can be prevented by attending the stomatological clinic for an appointment at every 6 months, also ensuring an appropriate tooth brushing performed according to your doctor’s advice (the incorrect tooth brushing may be a cause), using dental floss and mouthwash.
The periodontal disease treatment is done by:
- the appropriate treatment of cavities; professional cleaning (ultrasonic scaling + air flow + professional brushing);
- Antibiotic treatment;
- Surgical interventions (periodontal removal, flap interventions);
- Keeping the general diseases under control, taking the appropriate medication;
- Giving up smoking.
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