Dental surgery represents a medical procedure involving the artificial alteration of dentition and of the jaw or mandible bones.
Surgery will be determined by your dentist, following the medical examination, provided that he finds your tooth to be too damaged or impossible to be rebuilt or that you need a dental implant, or in the situation of a dental condition which needs to be removed.The surgical interventions more frequently met are the dental extractions, performed under local anaesthetics and without any pain.
Wisdom teeth included in the jaw bones in atypical, horizontal or inclined positions, that do not allow their eruption, may cause problems at the level of the present teeth (cavities, resorptions, crowding), as well as at the level of the jaw bones. Their extraction is recommended based on the clinical and radiological examination.
The wisdom teeth
The “wisdom tooth”or the third molar is integrated in the last set of teeth which appear differently for every individual. Sometimes they appear at the gum level, and due to the sufficient space on the jaw or mandible bones they develop smoothly.
Unfortunately most of the times, the wisdom teeth follow a wrong path of development, causing pain, gum swelling or even the infection of the surrounding tissue. Another risk is that they might influence the neighbouring teeth, the gum, or even cause the development of cysts or tumours which can destroy the bone tissue on which they are developed.
This is why the dentist recommends the patients reporting this problem to have their wisdom teeth removed, this intervention being performed using a surgical procedure.
Dental implants represent an option for the patients who have lost a tooth following an accident or due to an infection. The dental implant represents the root of the replaced tooth anchored in the mandible or jaw bone using dental surgery and has the purpose to stabilize the artificial tooth which will be attached to the implant.
Patients requiring a dental implant must know that the mandible or jaw bone must have a certain thickness and must not develop infections. However, this does not mean that the patient must forget the practice of a proper oral hygiene.
Removing the lesions, the cysts or biopsy
In certain situations, doctors can get some samplesof tissues that have grown abnormally with the help of dental surgery and can send them to the laboratory to be analysed and tested in order to identify their problem. In addition to these surgical interventions there are also the Odontectomy (the extraction of a tooth grown totally or partly in the bone), the apical resections, the pre molar procedures, surgical interventions auxiliary to mobile prostethics.
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